In my demand to search a good DIY guide to build a patio pergola, i find this beautiful Step by Step Woodworking Plans guide. This step by step article is about diy pergola plans, and they show you about how to make a pergola in your patio, as to increase the value of your property and to create a nice area for leisure.
There are cases in which the constructions requires several building permits, therefore we recommend you to visit your local building department, to get all the needed information about your project. Afterwards, keeping in mind the most important legal considerations, you should choose the right plans for your needs, tastes and budget. Next, buy the lumber from your diy store, making sure it’s designed for outdoor use (cedar, redwood or pressure-treated) and in perfect condition.
In order to build a patio pergola, you need the following:
- 4×4 or 6x6ong wooden posts – 8-9′ long (4 pieces)
- tube forms
- cement, sand, gravel
- adjustable post anchors (4 pieces)
- 2×6 support beams (12 – 12 1/2′ long)
- 2×6 shade elements (12 – 12 1/2′ long)
- 2×4 slats (130” long)
- 7” carriage screws – to secure the support beams
- 6” wood screws – to fasten the crossbeams
- 3” wood screws – to fasten the slats
- posthole digger
- power mixer
- circular saw, jigsaw
- drill machinery, wood drill bits
- hammer, spirit level, carpentry pencil, tape measure
- safety gloves, glasses
- lay out the pergola with batter boards and string
- plumb the posts with braces, before setting them into the anchors
- drill pilot holes in the wooden elements, before inserting the screws
- one weekends, two workers
Diy Pergola plans
The first step of this project is about laying out the pergola on the selected location. Therefore, we recommend you to place eight batter boards (made from 2x4s), as in the image and use string to outline the contour of your pergola.
Smart tip: Measure the diagonals of the rectangle, to ensure the corners are right angled and adjust the string if necessary. In addition, you could use the 3-4-5 rule for every corner.
After you have set out the diy pergola, you should build the concrete footings. That is why, you should dig four holes 15” in diameter (3′ deep – at least 6” under the frost line). Next, you have pour a 4” layer of gravel and compact it thoroughly.
Install tube forms in the holes, making sure they are perfectly level one with another (use a straight edge and a spirit level). Mix a small quantity of concrete and fill the forms.
Don’ forget to install the adjustable post anchors in concrete, before it dries out. Leave the concrete to dry out at least 48 hours, before installing the wooden posts.
Build the posts from 4×4 or 6×6 lumber, plumb them with a spirit level and lock them into place with two braces. Afterwards, insert several lag bolts through the anchors into the posts. Last but not least, remove the braces and install the beams.
On the other hand, if you don’t want to use metal anchors, you could secure them directly in the concrete. In this manner, the posts would be rigid, but they could rot due to the increased moisture in the ground.
Smart tip: Square off the bottom of the posts before setting them in the anchors, in order to seat properly. Moreover, using adjustable anchors would ease the alignment process.
After you have installed the four posts into position, you should build the support beams and secure them into place. Therefore, we recommend you to use 2×6 or 2×8 lumber to build the support beams, according to your needs and tastes.
As you can see in the image, these components should overhang about 10-15” on both sides of the pergola. Use a spirit level to align them properly, before inserting the carriage bolts.
In order to secure the support beams into place, you have to align and lock them into position with several C-clamps. Next, drill several pilot holes through the beams and trough the post. Next, drive in the carriage bolts and tighten the nuts.
Smart tip: If you want to obtain an unique pergola design, you should cut the ends of the beams in a decorative manner. Use a jigsaw to cut out a circular shape.
To read More to How to Make a Pergola ==> go at DIY Pergola Plans – How To Make A Pergola | HowToSpecialist …